Archive | July, 2009

List of Terrorist attacks on INDIA

29 Jul

  1. Flag of India 1966, April 20: A Tinsukia-Jalpaiguri passenger train blast in Lumding railroad station, Assam, India, kills 55 and injures 127. Which responsible for Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland tribesmen group.[citation needed]
  2. Flag of India 1966, April 23: A bomb explode in Diphu railroad station, Mikir, Assam, India, which blame on NSCN tribesmen group. Kills 30 and injures 65.
  3. 1984
    October 31 Flag of India New Delhi: Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards. The killing was in retaliation for the Indian army’s entry into theGolden Temple at Amritsar to flush out Sikh extremists who were using the temple as a base for their operations.
  4. 1985
    Flag of India Flag of Canada June 22: Air India Flight 182 is blown up by a bomb put onboard the flight from Canada to India by unknown terrorists. All 329 people on board, most of them Canadian citizens, are killed. At the time, the deadliest terrorist attack ever, and still the deadliest act of terrorism in Canadian history. A second Air India flight from Canada was targeted on the same day, but the bomb exploded at Narita Airport, in the luggage outside the aircraft, killing two baggage handlers, bringing the total death toll of the act to 331.
  5. 1986Flag of India May 22: An automatic weapon bomb into Krishna Nagar shopping district erea, Amritsar, Punjab of India. Kills eleven, which blame on Sikh extremist grou
  6. 1987Flag of India March 16: A bomb blast in Chennai-Tirchchirappalli of Rockfort Express, following plunged into a bridge, Ariyalur, Tamil Nadu, India, which kills 25 and injures 150. Tamil Nadu Liberation Army member of Pichai Pillai arrested by suspiction of bomb blast on March 21, 1987
  7. 1989Flag of India February 11: A bomb explode on a regular route bus in Bongaigaon, Assam, India, which responsible for Bodo tribe extremists, kills 20 and injures at least 20.
  8. 1991Flag of India May 21: Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi assassinated in a bomb blast believed to be the work of Sri Lankan Tamil terrorists belonging to the LTTE.[5] This is also the first time that the suicide vest is used by any terrorist group
  9. 1991Flag of India October 18: Two time bomb blast, when people watching a Hindu pagent of Ramila, Rudrapur, Uttar Pradesh, India, which blame on Sikh separatist militant. Killing at least 41 and injuring 140 people.
  10. 1993Flag of India IndiaMarch 12: Mumbai car bombings leave 257 dead with 1,400 others injured.
  11. 1993Flag of India IndiaMarch 17: A bomb blast in Calcutta killed at least 50 people. Two apartment blocks came crashing down when the blast rocked central Calcutta’s Bowbazar locality shortly after midnight.
  12. 1993Flag of India IndiaMarch 19: A bomb exploded in Calcutta’s Sealdah rail terminus, killing one person and wounding a dozen others
  13. Flag of India October 18: Two time bomb blast, when people watching a Hindu pagent of Ramila, Rudrapur, Uttar Pradesh, India, which blame on Sikh separatist militant. Killing at least 41 and injuring 140 people.
  14. 1995
    January 26 7 52 Flag of India Jammu: Three bombs exploding at a rally to celebrate the Indian national holiday killed seven and injured 52. The apparent target of the attack, the governor of Kashmir, K.V. Krishna Rao, escaped unharmed.[7]
  15. 1995
    July 20 17 100 Flag of India Jammu: A bomb on a motor scooter exploded at a marketplace in Jammu, killing at least 17 and injuring 100 more. Harkat-ul-Ansar claimed responsibility for the bombing.[14]
  16. 1995
    July 26 1 42 Flag of India Jammu: A bomb hidden in a motor scooter exploded near a Hindu temple and killed a Hindu pilgrim and injured another 42.[15]
  17. 1995
    August 31 16 30 Flag of India Chandigarh: Dilawar Singh Babbar, a member of Babbar Khalsa, killed Punjab Chief Minister Beant Singh and 15 others in a suicide bombing. At least 30 more were injured in the attack.[18][19]
  18. 1995
    September 5 13 25 Flag of India Srinagar: Two car bombs, exploding near two banks handling payrolls for Indian army and police units, killed 13 and injured 25.[20]
    September 7 1 2 Flag of India Srinagar: A parcel bomb delivered to the BBC office in Srinagar killed one journalist and injured two more.[21]
  19. 1996Flag of India IndiaJanuary 3: A bomb explode in Sadar Bazaar erea in New Delhi, India. Kills six and injures 31, which blame on Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front guerilla group.[citation needed]
  20. 1998Flag of India India, January: Wandhama Massacre – 24 Kashmiri Pandits are massacred by Kashmiri militants in the city of Wandhama in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
  21. 1999Flag of India IndiaDecember 24: Indian Airlines Flight 814 from Kathmandu, Nepal, to Delhi is hijacked. One passenger is killed and some hostages are released. After negotiations between the Taliban and the Indian government, the last of the remaining hostages on board Flight 814 are released in exchange for release of four terrorists.

  22. 2000

    January 25 4 6 Flag of IndiaKashmir. Rocket attack kills 4, wounds 6; Harakat ul-Mujahedin responsible

  23. February 12 4 26 Flag of IndiaKashmir. A bomb exploded near GGM Science College and vegetable market killing four people and wounding twenty-six. The bomb detonated in darkness, shattering several adjoining buildings and shops and damaging vehicles parked nearby. Authorities are unsure if the device was planted on the site or if it was thrown from a vehicle.[22]

  24. March 16 0 5 Flag of IndiaSadra Bazaar At least five persons were injured in a bomb blast in Sadra Bazaar.[34]

  25. March 21 0 4 Flag of IndiaChurchgate rail station Four commuters were injured when an explosive device detonated inside of a train during peak rush hour. The blast occurred shortly before the train arrived at the Churchgate rail station on the Western Railway.[36]

  26. April;20 3 35 Flag of IndiaKashmir Suicide bomb attack in Kashmir kills bomber, injures 7. Grenade at market kills 2, injures 28. Lashkar-e-Taiba suspected.[52]

  27. April;29 1 8 Flag of IndiaKashmir A bomb went off at a check point killing one and injuring eight. The perpetrators set off the device at the checkpoint in Srinagar.[57]

  28. May;15 5 0 Flag of IndiaKashmir Hizbul Mujahedin bomb attack kills power minister, 4 others, in Kashmir[63]

  29. May;23 0 0 Flag of IndiaKashmir In what is believed to be an assassination attempt on the Kashmir Chief Minister’s life, a bomb went off at a golf course where the minister had been playing all day with several other VVIP’s. The blast took place in the middle of the night and thus, no one was injured. The Hizbul Mujahadin claimed responsibility.[70]

  30. June;19 2 11 Flag of IndiaRed Fort Two boms killed 2 people and injured 11 at the Red Fort.[80]

  31. June;29 3 2 Flag of IndiaPunjab province In Punjab, three persons were killed when a bomb went off in a tea shop during a cultural function.[84]

  32. July;24 6 10 Flag of India At least six people were killed and ten others injured when a powerful bomb ripped through a private bus.[96]

  33. August;10 15 30 Flag of IndiaKashmir Hizbul Mujahedin admits car bomb attack killing 15, injuring 30 in Srinagar[106]

  34. August;12 6 42 Flag of IndiaKashmir Land mines explode under buses in Kashmir killing 6 soldier, wounding 42, in attack claimed by Hizbul Mujahedin.[108]

  35. August;16 0 4 Flag of IndiaIdgah Colony Three schoolchildren and a teacher were injured when an explosive device detonated at a school in Idgah Colony.[111]

  36. October;26 1 30 Flag of IndiaBangi A person was killed and thirty injured when a bomb ripped through a passenger train that was traveling from Bangi to Rampur.[148]

  37. October;29 4 3 Flag of IndiaKashmir Four police officers were killed when extremists began firing indiscriminately on a crowd during the distribution of a prize at a soccer match. Authorities believe that Saba Ahmad, the Bihar Education Minister, who was in attendance at the match, was the target of the attack.[150]

  38. December;1 16 17 Flag of IndiaAssam Three attacks killed 16 people and injured 17 in Assam.[168]

  39. 2001Flag of India IndiaOctober 1: A car bomb explodes near the Jammu and Kashmir state assembly in Srinagar, killing 35 people and injuring 40 more.
  40. 2002
  41. Flag of India India, January 22: Gunmen on motorcycles opened fire on guards at the American Center in Kolkata, killing five people.
  42. Flag of India IndiaMay 13: Twelve people are killed in the Jaunpur train crash, caused when Islamic extremists cut the rails.
  43. Flag of India IndiaSeptember 10: A train derailment kills 130 people in the Rafiganj rail disaster. Naxalite terrorism is suspected.
  44. Flag of India IndiaSeptember 25: Two terrorists belonging to the Jaish-e-Mohammed group raid the Akshardham temple complex in Ahmedabad, killing 30 people and injuring many more
  45. 2003
    August 25 48 150 Flag of India India: At least 48 people were killed and 150 injured in two blasts in south Mumbai – one near the Gateway of India at the other at the Zaveri Bazaar.

  46. 2004
    April 8 9 50 Flag of India Kashmir. Militants detonated a bomb that killed nine and injured about fifty others, including two elected officials. The incident occurred at a People’s Democratic Party election rally at Uri. Party Chief Mehbooba Mufti was addressing the audience when the explosion took place. The Save Kashmir Movement later claimed responsibility for the blast..[67]

  47. April 12 26 0 Flag of India Jharkhand. Naxalites (Maoists guerillas) triggered a landmine that killed at least twenty-six policemen in Jharkhand. Naxalites of the outlawed People’s War Group (PWG) are suspected of being involved in the attack. The PWG typically target rich landowners and police, who they accuse of colluding to exploit farmers and rural laborers..[70]

  48. April 25 4 45 Flag of India Kashmir. Suspected Muslim militants threw a grenade at a convoy carrying a state lawmaker as she was leaving a rally in the Anantnaga district. Though People’s Democratic Party (PDP) member Mehbooba Mufti was uninjured, though four people were killed and forty-five were wounded in the attack. Radicals have warned people to stay away from the elections and voting..[79]

  49. April 28 3 59 Flag of India Kashmir.In Bungam, ten people were injured, including two police officers and eight civilians, when an unidentified person threw a hand grenade at a local representative’s convoy. This attack comes only a week before parliamentary elections are set to begin in Kashmir.Suspected Muslim militants threw a hand grenade at a crowd during a candidate’s political address, killing three civilians and wounding forty-nine others. The candidate from the National Conference Party was unhurt. This attack comes only a week before nation-wide parliamentary elections are due to take place..[82]

  50. May 9 1 21 Flag of India Kashmir.One person was killed and twenty-one injured, when terrorists lobbed a grenade outside of the premises of the district hospital in Doda. The grenade was most likely aimed at a government convoy passing the hospital at the time. The victim killed was a government official and four of the injured included police officers. Police supsect the Hizbul Mujahideen is behind the attack because the group is most active in the area..[91]

  51. May 21 3 24 Flag of India Kashmir. A bicycle bomb that was detonated at the Chadoura bridge killed three people and injured twenty-four. The bomb had been planted by suspected militants on a bicycle parked 20 feet from a border security pillbox. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, but authorities are blaming Hizbul-Mujahedin..[99]

  52. June 8 0 23 Flag of India Assam.Twenty-three were injured when suspected United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) militants threw a grenade into a crowded cinema hall during a town screening of a Hindi movie. The police say that the attacks may be connected to a ULFA call for the banning of Hindi movies last year. The group opposes the state film industry and is believed to have been responsible for explosions at other cinemas in Assam..[123]

  53. June 19 0 14 Flag of India Assam. A time bomb planted by the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) exploded, injuring fourteen people, most of whom were day wage-earners. No further information is provided..[139]

  54. June 23 0 19 Flag of IndiaBijbehara. Nineteen people were injured when a grenade was hurled at a security picket at Bijbehara. The grenade missed its target and caused the large number of injuries..[141]

  55. June 24 5 15 Flag of IndiaAssam. Five passengers on a minibus were killed when United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) militants triggered a time bomb. Fifteen others were injured in the blast..[144]

  56. June 25 12 12 Flag of IndiaKashmir. Militants shot and killed a dozen people when they opened fire at residential houses. Most of the victims were family members of the local village defense committee. Rebels have targeted security forces and their families in the past. Twelve people were also injured in the attack..[146]

  57. July 2 6 5 Flag of IndiaKashmir. Six police personnel were killed and five injured when militants detonated an improvised explosive device as a convoy was passing by. The convoy was escorting a member of Parliament..[156]

  58. July 4 2 39 Flag of IndiaKashmir. Two people were killed and thirty-nine injured when a bomb went off near a tourist reception center. The device was placed in a hand cart. No further information is available..[158]

  59. July 16 0 7 Flag of IndiaAssam. United Liberation Forces of Assam (ULFA) militants lobbed a hand grenade at a police patrol in front of a civilian hospital, injuring seven people. Three of the injured were police officers..[169]

  60. July 26 1 30 Flag of IndiaKashmir. One person was killed and thirty-five injured when militants hurled a hand grenade inside of a hospital in Baramula. The injured were those who were hospitalized. The perpetrators probably attacked the hospital because a number of Border Security Forces had been admitted for earlier injuries

  61. August 26 2 2 Flag of India Kashmir Two children were killed and their parents were injured in a grenade attack on their house in Gandoh. Militants were apparently aiming at the Central Reserve Police Force, when the rocket missed the target and landed on the family’s house.[207]

  62. August 26 5 43 Flag of India Assam Two blasts on bus transportation links killed five people and injured 43 in insurgent racked Assam province

  63. October 2 13 23 Flag of IndiaAssam In Assam militants exploded a bomb that killed thirteen people and injured twenty-three. The National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) is believed to be responsible for the attack. The intended target of the attack is unclear.[240]
    October 2 10 40 Flag of IndiaAssam A second bomb blast occurred at the busy Hong Kong market, almost simultaneously with the railway blast in Assam. The bomb killed ten people and injured at least forty others. The two blasts are thought to have been coordinated.[241]
    October 2 12 60 Flag of IndiaAssam Twelve people were killed and at least sixty others injured in a bomb blasts targeting a rail line in Assam. The first occurred at the Dimapur railway station, and resulted in the deaths of all twelve people. The platform was packed with people waiting to board a train to Assam’s Karbi district.[242]
    October 3 3 25 Flag of IndiaKashmir The National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) bombed a market in Dhubri District, killing three and wounding twenty-five people. No further information is provided.[243]

  64. October 24 0 7 Flag of IndiaKasmir Unknown perpetrators detonated a bomb, attempting to kill Omar Abdullah, the leader of pro-India National Conference Party. The attack was carried out as Abdullah was attending a prayer ceremony for the former National Conference minister Safdar Ali Baig (killed by militants). The rebels’ bomb missed their target, but injured four others in the crowd. There were no fatalities.[264]

  65. November 17 1 4 Flag of IndiaKashmir One person was killed and four other injured when a funeral procession for two youths, Ranjit Kumar and Roshan Lal, was attacked by militants in Tund Nallah. The attackers threw a bomb at the procession and also sprayed the crowd with gunfire. The two dead youths being honored by the funeral had been gunned down by ultras earlier. The Prime Minister was also scheduled to visit the region the next day.[291]

  66. December 13 2 8 Flag of IndiaAssam Two explosions occurred near the Assam Assembly building. The attacks were carried out by the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA). Two persons were killed and eight injured. Authorities believe that the group carried out these attacks to mark the completion of a year of the Bhutan operations that have “evicted the ULFA from the Himalayan kingdom

  67. December 15 0 12 Flag of IndiaAssam Four explosions in insurgent Assam province injured twelve civilians and police officers

  68. December 17 1 11 Flag of IndiaAssam The United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) carried out a grenade attack on a hotel in the Paltan Bazaar in Guwahati. There were eleven seriously injured and one person was killed. This is following several days of heightened violence and attacks by ULFA

  69. 2005Flag of India India, July 28: Jaunpur train bombing: 13 are killed when militants detonate a bomb on a commuter train.
  70. Flag of India IndiaJuly 5: 2005 Terrorist attack on Ayodhya – Six terrorists belonging to Lashkar-e-Toiba storm the Ayodhya Ram Janmbhomi complex. Before the terrorists could reach the main disputed site, they were shot down by Indian security forces. One devotee and two policemen were injured.
  71. Flag of India IndiaJuly 28: Jaunpur train bombing: 13 are killed when militants detonate a bomb on a commuter train.
  72. Flag of India IndiaOctober 29: Multiple bomb blasts hit markets in Delhi, India, leaving at least 61 dead and more than 200 injured.
  73. Flag of India IndiaDecember 28: Two or more unidentified gunmen open fire at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, killing a retired professor of mathematics and wounding four others.
  74. 2006Flag of India India: Bombings in the Hindu holy city of Varanasi kill 28 and injure more than 100.
  75. July 11 209 714 Flag of India India: A series of explosions rock commuter trains in Mumbai, India, killing 209 and wounding another 714 civilians.
  76. Flag of India India: A bomb exploded in a Hindu temple near Imphal, killing five and injuring nearly 50 other.[16]
  77. September 8 37 125 Flag of India India: At least two bomb blasts target a Muslim cemetery in the western town of Malegaon. The blasts kill 37 people and leave 125 others wounded.
  78. November 20 5 25+ Flag of India India: A suspected terrorist bomb explodes on a train in India. See 2006 West Bengal train disaster.
  79. 2007
    February 19 68 ~49 India: Samjhauta Express, a train headed toward Lahore an hour after it leaves New Delhi; two bombs explode. See 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings.[35][36]
  80. May 18 16 100 Flag of India Attack on Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad. For details, see 18 May 2007 Mecca Masjid bombing.[65]
  81. August 25 44 54 Flag of India Hyderabad bombings. Twin bombings kill at least 44 and injure 54 in Hyderabad. Two bombs are diffused and 19 others are found unexploded. Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy, chief minister of Andhra Pradesh state, blames Islamic militants with ties to Pakistan or Bangladesh, saying that the extremists want to foment tension between India’s Hindus and Muslims. Both Bangladesh and Pakistan deny the accusations.[citation needed]
  82. October 14 6 20 Flag of India A bomb explodes in the Shingar Cinema in Ludhiana, killing at least six people and wounding 20, police say.[106]
  83. November 23 15 80 Flag of India Uttar Pradesh serial blasts. Near-simultaneous blasts triggered by militants in court premises in Varanasi, Faizabad, and the state capital kill 15 people and injure more than 80.[114]
  84. 2008
    May  13 63 213 Flag of India Jaipur. A simultaneous bomb blast at eight different sites, including a crowded shopping site and a Hanuman temple, a self-styled Indian Mujahideen, (a collaboration of LeT & SIMI) has claimed responsibility.[63]
  85. June  4 0 7 Flag of India Thane. A bomb exploded in the parking lot of an auditorium hosting a play that parodied the Mahabharat. Two men, ages 50 and 34, admitted guilt to the attack and others on February 20 and May 31. Although the men claimed membership in Hindutva groups, they stated that they acted alone without suppor
  86. July  25 2 20+ Flag of India Bangalore. A series of nine blasts kills 2 and injures 20 people.[104]
  87. July  26 50+ 160+ Flag of India Ahmedabad. A series of seventeen blasts killing 49 and injuring 160 people.[106]
    July  27 0 6 Flag of India Godda, Jharkhand. At least six people were injured when a bomb exploded at a bus stand in Jharkhand’s Godda district.[107]
  88. September  13 30 90 Flag of India Delhi. A series of 5 bombs exploded in Delhi, killing 30 and injuring 90.[143]
  89. September 27 3 23 Flag of India South Delhi. Two weeks from the day of serial blasts killing 30, another bomb was detonated in a market in the Mehrauli district killing three and injuring 23.[163]
  90. October  1 ~4 100 Flag of India Agartala. Three bombs exploded in the insurgency-racked North-East India. Police said they suspected Muslim militant groups based in Bangladesh for the blasts in the Radhanagar and Gulbazar areas of Tripura’s capital.[172][173]
  91. October  8 0 5+ Flag of India Guwahati. A bomb exploded near a crowd gathered for Durga Puja festivities. A police spokesman said the low-intensity blast took place near the Japorigog area at around 20:30.[187]
  92. October  20 13+ 12 Flag of India Chattisgarh. Naxalites allegedly killed Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel in the Bijapur District following the announcement of two-phase Assembly elections in Chhattisgarh. The attack also left 12 personnel of CRPF and the Border Roads Organisation, who were carrying out road construction work in the area, injured. The attack took place at about 13:30 between Modukpal and Kongupalli in the district. According to reports, one of the attackers was also killed in the exchange of fire that followed.[218][219]
  93. October  21 17+ 30+ Flag of India Imphal. A bomb was suspected to have been planted on a moped near the Manipur police commando complex at Minuthong in Imphal at 19:30. Police said none of the Manipur police commando personnel staying at the barrack complex were among the casualties. Unconfirmed reports, however, said a surrendered militant may be among the dead.[225]
  94. October  22 3 3 Flag of India Belpahari, West Bengal. Three members of a mobile medical team were killed in a blast triggered by Maoists. The Maoists, however, issued an apology for the killing of the health staff and stated that they were not the intended target. Two people have been arrested in connection with the blast though locals claimed that the duo were innocent of the charges.[228]
  95. October  28 4 5 Flag of India Gadchiroli. Four policemen, including a sub-inspector, were killed in an encounter with Naxalites in the Korepile forest in Aheri Taluka of Gadchiroli district. Five other policemen also received bullet injuries. The police party came under attack during routine patrolling
  96. October  30 84+ 470+ Flag of India Assam. A series of 13 blasts occurred in and around Guwahati
  97. October  31 0 4 Flag of India Srinagar. Four security personnel were injured when militants hurled a grenade at a police station in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir. The blast, at about 11:20, landed inside the compound of the Baramulla police station, injuring two CRPF personnel and two policemen in the explosion. No militant outfit had claimed responsibility for the attack so far. This was the first attack on security forces in the Kashmir valley since the announcement of election schedule legislative assembly elections by Election Commission on October 19.[248]
    October  31 0 17+ Flag of India Bastar, Chattisgarh. At least 17 policemen sustained minor injuries when Maoist guerrillas detonated a powerful land mine in front of their vehicle in the southern Bastar region of Chattisgarh. The incident took place on a highway in Narayanpur district, some 250 km south of the capital Raipur
  98. November  2 0 6 Flag of India Salboni, West Midnapur district, West Bengal. A landmine blast targeted West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharya. Six policemen travelling in the last car of a convoy escorting Indian steel minister, Ram Vilas Paswan, and the CM were wounded. Eight villagers were arrested for possible links with Maoist insurgents who triggered the blast. Seven police officials, including an Additional Superintendent of Police of the Purbo Medinipur district were issued show cause notices and asked to explain their role in the supervision of security along the stretch of road at Kalaichandi in Paschim Medinipur district after the CM’s convoy passed through.[254][255][256][257] Bhattacharya specifically implicated the Sasadhar Mahato-led Lalgarhsquad of the Maoists.[258]
  99. November  14 3 4 Flag of India Kanker and Bastar, Chattisgarh. Three policemen were injured in a landmine blast triggered by rebels at Injeram in Konta constituency, close to the Andhra Pradesh border; while several low-intensity explosions ripped through Chhattisgarh’s Bastar region as the first phase of assembly elections began in 39 constituencies. There was a low electoral turnout following the murder of Trinath Thakur, the Dantewada block unit chief of the Congress, the previous night. Dantewada District Superintendent of Police Rahul Sharma said: “Rebels slit his throat and he died on the spot due to excessive bleeding.” Soon after voting started, gunbattles erupted between policemen and Maoist guerrillas in about 15 places in the Sukma, Kistaram, Konta, Bhairamgarh, Antagarh, Pakhanjoor, Bijarpur, Dantewada and Antagarh constituencies. Despite the presence of 65,000 policemen, including paramilitary forces, Maoist guerrillas managed to block roads leading to polling booths in over 50 places.[281]

    In another attack in Bijapur in the same Bastar district a non-commissioned officer of the Indian Air Force was killed, while a Squadron Leader was injured when suspected naxalites fired at their helicopter, airlifting electronic voting machines and polling staff, as soon as it took off from Bijapur in South Bastar.Sergeant Mustafa Ali received a bullet in the head and died on-the-spot while the pilot, Squadron Leader T.K. Chaudhury, also received bullet injuries from light machine gun firing. A volley of bullets also hit the wings, while some hit the passengers inside. The crew then flew to Jagdalpur, district headquarters of Bastar where the casualties count then came to light.

    Earlier in the day, a Central Reserve Police Force personnel was killed after being hit by a sniper bullet at Antagarh in Kanker district. Elsewhere in Chattisgarh there were 25 encounters between security service officials and naxalites, all of which were repulsed. Six polling booths were attacked but the security forces beat back the attackers. As many as 21 EVMs were also looted.[282]

  100. November 26 – 29 173 confirmed 327+ Flag of India Mumbai. Armed terrorists opened fire at eight different sites in a coordinated attack. They wielded automatic weapons and attacked locations including a train station, hotels, restaurants, a police station, and a hospital. Some terrorists took hostages and high military grade explosives (RDX) were found near by; at least eight explosions were reported. [291][292] Pakistan’s agency ISI has been found involved in it.[293] The attacks were carried out byPakistan backed terror group Lashkar-e-Taiba [294]. The militants were trained by Pakistani intelligence agency Inter Services Intelligence(ISI) [295]. Pakistan has been in a state of denial regarding this and has failed to cooperate with the investigation and arrest key jihadi terrorist leaders supported by its army even after being handed over substantial evidence by India[296].
  101. December  2 3+ 29 Flag of India Diphu, Assam. A bomb exploded on board a passenger train as it pulled into the Diphu station. According to police, the device was set to a timer and left in a bag on an overhead rack. Suspicion fell on the Karbi Longri National Liberation Front, who is said to be one of three insurgent groups active in the area and the only not to agree to a cease-fire.[304]
  102. December  2 2 0 Flag of India Assam. Police blame the Karbi Longri National Liberation Front for taking two migrant workers from their homes in the village of Dolamara and shooting them.[305]
  103. 2009
  104. January 1 6 67 Flag of India Guwahati, India. A serial blast kills 5 civilians and injures 67 in the city of Guwahati. Police believe the United Liberation Front of Asom are responsible for the attacks.[1]
  105. arch 25 0 12 Flag of India Tezpur, Assam, India. Militants in insurgent racked Assam province tossed a grenade into a busy marketplace in Tezpur, Assam injuring twelve people, two seriously.


  106. April 6 7 60 Flag of India Assam Two bomb blasts kill 7 and injure 60 a day before Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was expected to visit. Police accuse United Liberation Front of coordinating the attacks.[113]
May 15 0 8
  1. Flag of India Orissa A bomb placed for Indian security forces exploded when day laborers working a field disturbed the explosive device resulting in the explosion. Eight civilians were injured.[146]

48 Laws of POWER

29 Jul

Law 1

Never Outshine the Master

Always make those above you feel comfortably superior.

In your desire to please or impress them, do not go too far in displaying your talents or you might accomplish the opposite – inspire fear and insecurity. Make your masters appear more brilliant than they are and you will attain the heights of power.

Law 2

Never put too Much Trust in Friends, Learn how to use Enemies

Be wary of friends-they will betray you more quickly, for they are easily aroused to envy. They also become spoiled and tyrannical. But hire a former enemy and he will be more loyal than a friend, because he has more to prove. In fact, you have more to fear from friends than from enemies. If you have no enemies, find a way to make them.

Law 3

Conceal your Intentions

Keep people off-balance and in the dark by never revealing the purpose behind your actions. If they have no clue what you are up to, they cannot prepare a defense. Guide them far enough down the wrong path, envelope them in enough smoke, and by the time they realize your intentions, it will be too late.

Law 4

Always Say Less than Necessary

When you are trying to impress people with words, the more you say, the more common you appear, and the less in control. Even if you are saying something banal, it will seem original if you make it vague, open-ended, and sphinxlike. Powerful people impress and intimidate by saying less. The more you say, the more likely you are to say something foolish.

Law 5

So Much Depends on Reputation – Guard it with your Life

Reputation is the cornerstone of power. Through reputation alone you can intimidate and win; once you slip, however, you are vulnerable, and will be attacked on all sides. Make your reputation unassailable. Always be alert to potential attacks and thwart them before they happen. Meanwhile, learn to destroy your enemies by opening holes in their own reputations. Then stand aside and let public opinion hang them.

Law 6

Court Attention at all Cost

Everything is judged by its appearance; what is unseen counts for nothing. Never let yourself get lost in the crowd, then, or buried in oblivion. Stand out. Be conspicuous, at all cost. Make yourself a magnet of attention by appearing larger, more colorful, more mysterious, than the bland and timid masses.

Law 7

Get others to do the Work for you, but Always Take the Credit

Use the wisdom, knowledge, and legwork of other people to further your own cause. Not only will such assistance save you valuable time and energy, it will give you a godlike aura of efficiency and speed. In the end your helpers will be forgotten and you will be remembered. Never do yourself what others can do for you.

Law 8

Make other People come to you – use Bait if Necessary

When you force the other person to act, you are the one in control. It is always better to make your opponent come to you, abandoning his own plans in the process. Lure him with fabulous gains – then attack. You hold the cards.

Law 9

Win through your Actions, Never through Argument

Any momentary triumph you think gained through argument is really a Pyrrhic victory: The resentment and ill will you stir up is stronger and lasts longer than any momentary change of opinion. It is much more powerful to get others to agree with you through your actions, without saying a word. Demonstrate, do not explicate.

Law 10

Infection: Avoid the Unhappy and Unlucky

You can die from someone else’s misery – emotional states are as infectious as disease. You may feel you are helping the drowning man but you are only precipitating your own disaster. The unfortunate sometimes draw misfortune on themselves; they will also draw it on you. Associate with the happy and fortunate instead.

Law 11

Learn to Keep People Dependent on You

To maintain your independence you must always be needed and wanted. The more you are relied on, the more freedom you have. Make people depend on you for their happiness and prosperity and you have nothing to fear. Never teach them enough so that they can do without you.

Law 12

Use Selective Honesty and Generosity to Disarm your Victim

One sincere and honest move will cover over dozens of dishonest ones. Open-hearted gestures of honesty and generosity bring down the guard of even the most suspicious people. Once your selective honesty opens a hole in their armor, you can deceive and manipulate them at will. A timely gift – a Trojan horse – will serve the same purpose.

Law 13

When Asking for Help, Appeal to People’s Self-Interest, Never to their Mercy or Gratitude

If you need to turn to an ally for help, do not bother to remind him of your past assistance and good deeds. He will find a way to ignore you. Instead, uncover something in your request, or in your alliance with him, that will benefit him, and emphasize it out of all proportion. He will respond enthusiastically when he sees something to be gained for himself.

Law 14

Pose as a Friend, Work as a Spy

Knowing about your rival is critical. Use spies to gather valuable information that will keep you a step ahead. Better still: Play the spy yourself. In polite social encounters, learn to probe. Ask indirect questions to get people to reveal their weaknesses and intentions. There is no occasion that is not an opportunity for artful spying.

Law 15

Crush your Enemy Totally

All great leaders since Moses have known that a feared enemy must be crushed completely. (Sometimes they have learned this the hard way.) If one ember is left alight, no matter how dimly it smolders, a fire will eventually break out. More is lost through stopping halfway than through total annihilation: The enemy will recover, and will seek revenge. Crush him, not only in body but in spirit.

Law 16

Use Absence to Increase Respect and Honor

Too much circulation makes the price go down: The more you are seen and heard from, the more common you appear. If you are already established in a group, temporary withdrawal from it will make you more talked about, even more admired. You must learn when to leave. Create value through scarcity.

Law 17

Keep Others in Suspended Terror: Cultivate an Air of Unpredictability

Humans are creatures of habit with an insatiable need to see familiarity in other people’s actions. Your predictability gives them a sense of control. Turn the tables: Be deliberately unpredictable. Behavior that seems to have no consistency or purpose will keep them off-balance, and they will wear themselves out trying to explain your moves. Taken to an extreme, this strategy can intimidate and terrorize.

Law 18

Do Not Build Fortresses to Protect Yourself – Isolation is Dangerous

The world is dangerous and enemies are everywhere – everyone has to protect themselves. A fortress seems the safest. But isolation exposes you to more dangers than it protects you from – it cuts you off from valuable information, it makes you conspicuous and an easy target. Better to circulate among people find allies, mingle. You are shielded from your enemies by the crowd.

Law 19

Know Who You’re Dealing with – Do Not Offend the Wrong Person

There are many different kinds of people in the world, and you can never assume that everyone will react to your strategies in the same way. Deceive or outmaneuver some people and they will spend the rest of their lives seeking revenge. They are wolves in lambs’ clothing. Choose your victims and opponents carefully, then – never offend or deceive the wrong person.

Law 20

Do Not Commit to Anyone

It is the fool who always rushes to take sides. Do not commit to any side or cause but yourself. By maintaining your independence, you become the master of others – playing people against one another, making them pursue you.

Law 21

Play a Sucker to Catch a Sucker – Seem Dumber than your Mark

No one likes feeling stupider than the next persons. The trick, is to make your victims feel smart – and not just smart, but smarter than you are. Once convinced of this, they will never suspect that you may have ulterior motives.

Law 22

Use the Surrender Tactic: Transform Weakness into Power When you are weaker, never fight for honor’s sake; choose surrender instead. Surrender gives you time to recover, time to torment and irritate your conqueror, time to wait for his power to wane. Do not give him the satisfaction of fighting and defeating you – surrender first. By turning the other check you infuriate and unsettle him. Make surrender a tool of power.

Law 23

Concentrate Your Forces

Conserve your forces and energies by keeping them concentrated at their strongest point. You gain more by finding a rich mine and mining it deeper, than by flitting from one shallow mine to another – intensity defeats extensity every time. When looking for sources of power to elevate you, find the one key patron, the fat cow who will give you milk for a long time to come.

Law 24

Play the Perfect Courtier

The perfect courtier thrives in a world where everything revolves around power and political dexterity. He has mastered the art of indirection; he flatters, yields to superiors, and asserts power over others in the mot oblique and graceful manner. Learn and apply the laws of courtiership and there will be no limit to how far you can rise in the court.

Law 25

Re-Create Yourself

Do not accept the roles that society foists on you. Re-create yourself by forging a new identity, one that commands attention and never bores the audience. Be the master of your own image rather than letting others define if for you. Incorporate dramatic devices into your public gestures and actions – your power will be enhanced and your character will seem larger than life.

Law 26

Keep Your Hands Clean

You must seem a paragon of civility and efficiency: Your hands are never soiled by mistakes and nasty deeds. Maintain such a spotless appearance by using others as scapegoats and cat’s-paws to disguise your involvement.

Law 27

Play on People’s Need to Believe to Create a Cultlike Following

People have an overwhelming desire to believe in something. Become the focal point of such desire by offering them a cause, a new faith to follow. Keep your words vague but full of promise; emphasize enthusiasm over rationality and clear thinking. Give your new disciples rituals to perform, ask them to make sacrifices on your behalf. In the absence of organized religion and grand causes, your new belief system will bring you untold power.

Law 28

Enter Action with Boldness

If you are unsure of a course of action, do not attempt it. Your doubts and hesitations will infect your execution. Timidity is dangerous: Better to enter with boldness. Any mistakes you commit through audacity are easily corrected with more audacity. Everyone admires the bold; no one honors the timid.

Law 29

Plan All the Way to the End

The ending is everything. Plan all the way to it, taking into account all the possible consequences, obstacles, and twists of fortune that might reverse your hard work and give the glory to others. By planning to the end you will not be overwhelmed by circumstances and you will know when to stop. Gently guide fortune and help determine the future by thinking far ahead.

Law 30

Make your Accomplishments Seem Effortless

Your actions must seem natural and executed with ease. All the toil and practice that go into them, and also all the clever tricks, must be concealed. When you act, act effortlessly, as if you could do much more. Avoid the temptation of revealing how hard you work – it only raises questions. Teach no one your tricks or they will be used against you.

Law 31

Control the Options: Get Others to Play with the Cards you Deal

The best deceptions are the ones that seem to give the other person a choice: Your victims feel they are in control, but are actually your puppets. Give people options that come out in your favor whichever one they choose. Force them to make choices between the lesser of two evils, both of which serve your purpose. Put them on the horns of a dilemma: They are gored wherever they turn.

Law 32

Play to People’s Fantasies

The truth is often avoided because it is ugly and unpleasant. Never appeal to truth and reality unless you are prepared for the anger that comes for disenchantment. Life is so harsh and distressing that people who can manufacture romance or conjure up fantasy are like oases in the desert: Everyone flocks to them. There is great power in tapping into the fantasies of the masses.

Law 33

Discover Each Man’s Thumbscrew

Everyone has a weakness, a gap in the castle wall. That weakness is usual y an insecurity, an uncontrollable emotion or need; it can also be a small secret pleasure. Either way, once found, it is a thumbscrew you can turn to your advantage.

Law 34

Be Royal in your Own Fashion: Act like a King to be treated like one

The way you carry yourself will often determine how you are treated; In the long run, appearing vulgar or common will make people disrespect you. For a king respects himself and inspires the same sentiment in others. By acting regally and confident of your powers, you make yourself seem destined to wear a crown.

Law 35

Master the Art of Timing

Never seem to be in a hurry – hurrying betrays a lack of control over yourself, and over time. Always seem patient, as if you know that everything will come to you eventually. Become a detective of the right moment; sniff out the spirit of the times, the trends that will carry you to power. Learn to stand back when the time is not yet ripe, and to strike fiercely when it has reached fruition.

Law 36

Disdain Things you cannot have: Ignoring them is the best Revenge

By acknowledging a petty problem you give it existence and credibility. The more attention you pay an enemy, the stronger you make him; and a small mistake is often made worse and more visible when you try to fix it. It is sometimes best to leave things alone. If there is something you want but cannot have, show contempt for it. The less interest you reveal, the more superior you seem.

Law 37

Create Compelling Spectacles

Striking imagery and grand symbolic gestures create the aura of power – everyone responds to them. Stage spectacles for those around you, then full of arresting visuals and radiant symbols that heighten your presence. Dazzled by appearances, no one will notice what you are really doing.

Law 38

Think as you like but Behave like others

If you make a show of going against the times, flaunting your unconventional ideas and unorthodox ways, people will think that you only want attention and that you look down upon them. They will find a way to punish you for making them feel inferior. It is far safer to blend in and nurture the common touch. Share your originality only with tolerant friends and those who are sure to appreciate your uniqueness.

Law 39

Stir up Waters to Catch Fish

Anger and emotion are strategically counterproductive. You must always stay calm and objective. But if you can make your enemies angry while staying calm yourself, you gain a decided advantage. Put your enemies off-balance: Find the chink in their vanity through which you can rattle them and you hold the strings.

Law 40

Despise the Free Lunch

What is offered for free is dangerous – it usually involves either a trick or a hidden obligation. What has worth is worth paying for. By paying your own way you stay clear of gratitude, guilt, and deceit. It is also often wise to pay the full price – there is no cutting corners with excellence. Be lavish with your money and keep it circulating, for generosity is a sign and a magnet for power.

Law 41

Avoid Stepping into a Great Man’s Shoes What happens first always appears better and more original than what comes after. If you succeed a great man or have a famous parent, you will have to accomplish double their achievements to outshine them. Do not get lost in their shadow, or stuck in a past not of your own making: Establish your own name and identity by changing course. Slay the overbearing father, disparage his legacy, and gain power by shining in your own way.

Law 42

Strike the Shepherd and the Sheep will Scatter Trouble can often be traced to a single strong individual – the stirrer, the arrogant underling, the poisoned of goodwill. If you allow such people room to operate, others will succumb to their influence. Do not wait for the troubles they cause to multiply, do not try to negotiate with them – they are irredeemable. Neutralize their influence by isolating or banishing them. Strike at the source of the trouble and the sheep will scatter.

Law 43

Work on the Hearts and Minds of Others

Coercion creates a reaction that will eventually work against you. You must seduce others into wanting to move in your direction. A person you have seduced becomes your loyal pawn. And the way to seduce others is to operate on their individual psychologies and weaknesses. Soften up the resistant by working on their emotions, playing on what they hold dear and what they fear. Ignore the hearts and minds of others and they will grow to hate you.

Law 44

Disarm and Infuriate with the Mirror Effect

The mirror reflects reality, but it is also the perfect tool for deception: When you mirror your enemies, doing exactly as they do, they cannot figure out your strategy. The Mirror Effect mocks and humiliates them, making them overreact. By holding up a mirror to their psyches, you seduce them with the illusion that you share their values; by holding up a mirror to their actions, you teach them a lesson. Few can resist the power of Mirror Effect.

Law 45

Preach the Need for Change, but Never Reform too much at Once

Everyone understands the need for change in the abstract, but on the day-to-day level people are creatures of habit. Too much innovation is traumatic, and will lead to revolt. If you are new to a position of power, or an outsider trying to build a power base, make a show of respecting the old way of doing things. If change is necessary, make it feel like a gentle improvement on the past.

Law 46

Never appear too Perfect

Appearing better than others is always dangerous, but most dangerous of all is to appear to have no faults or weaknesses. Envy creates silent enemies. It is smart to occasionally display defects, and admit to harmless vices, in order to deflect envy and appear more human and approachable. Only gods and the dead can seem perfect with impunity.

Law 47

Do not go Past the Mark you Aimed for; In Victory, Learn when to Stop

The moment of victory is often the moment of greatest peril. In the heat of victory, arrogance and overconfidence can push you past the goal you had aimed for, and by going too far, you make more enemies than you defeat. Do not allow success to go to your head. There is no substitute for strategy and careful planning. Set a goal, and when you reach it, stop.

Law 48

Assume Formlessness

By taking a shape, by having a visible plan, you open yourself to attack. Instead of taking a form for your enemy to grasp, keep yourself adaptable and on the move. Accept the fact that nothing is certain and no law is fixed. The best way to protect yourself is to be as fluid and formless as water; never bet on stability or lasting order. Everything changes.

Never Outshine the Master

Always make those above you feel comfortably superior.

In your desire to please or impress them, do not go too far in displaying your talents or you might accomplish the opposite – inspire fear and insecurity. Make your masters appear more brilliant than they are and you will attain the heights of power.

FIR of Assination of Mahatama Gandhi

29 Jul

English translation of original
F.I.R. of Mahatma Gandhi Assassination case – 1948

First Information of a Cognizable Crime Reported under Section 154, C.P.C.

Police Station : Tughlak Road District : Central
No. : 68 Date and hour of occurence : 30.1.1948 / 5:45 P.M.

1 Date and hour when reported
2 Name and residence of informant /complainant Shri Nand Lal Mehta, son of Shri Natha Lal Mehta, Indian, Building Lala Suraj Prasad M Block, Connaught Circus
3 Brief description of offence (with section) and of property carried off, if any 302 I.P.C.
4 Place of occurence and distance/ direction from Police Station Birla House, distance 2 furlongs
5 Name and address of the criminal
6 Steps taken regarding investigation/ explanation of delay in recording information

Statement of Shri Nand Lal Mehta, son of Shri Natha Lal Mehta, Indian, resident of Connaught Circus Building Lala Sarju Prasad

Today I was present at Birla House.  Around ten minutes past five in the evening, Mahatma Gandhi left his room in Birla House for the Prayer Ground. Sister Abha Gandhi and sister Sanno Gandhi were accompanying him.  Mahatma was walking with his hands on the shoulders of the two sisters. Two more girls were there in the group. I alongwith  Lala Brij Kishan, a silver merchant, resident of No. 1, Narendra Place, Parliament Street and Sardar Gurbachan Singh, resident of Timar Pur, Delhi were also there.  Apart from us, women from the Birla household and two-three members of the staff were also present. Having crossed the garden, Mahatma climbed the concrete steps towards the prayer place.  People were standing on both the sides and approximately three feet of vacant space was left for the Mahatma to pass through.  As per the custom the Mahatma greeted the people with folded hands.  He had barely covered six or seven steps when a person whose name I learnt later as Narayan Vinayak Godse, resident of Poona, stepped closer and fired three shots from a pistol at the Mahatma from barely 2 / 3 feet distance which hit the Mahatma in his stomach and chest and blood started flowing.  Mahatma ji fell backwards, uttering “Raam – Raam”.   The assailant was apprehended on the spot with the weapon.  The Mahatma was carried away in an unconscious state towards the residential unit of the Birla House where he passed away instantly and the police took away the assailant.

N.L. Mehta/30.1.1948.

Having received the information I rushed to the Birla House to find the dead body of the Mahatma at room No. 3.  Met Shri Nand Lal Mehta, his statement recorded and got confirmed after reading it out to him.   Copy of the statement handed over to him.  Came to know that the assailant was whisked away by the Assistant Sub-Inspector.  It was a case of Section 302 Indian Penal Code.  All the case papers were sent to the Police Station Tughlak Road and I got engaged in conducting  investigations.  A special report may be forwarded through the police station.

Sd. in English/30 January

Gandhi – The person in timeline

29 Jul

Gandhi in his childhood
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi in his teens
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in South Africa in 1895
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as Lawyer
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi in Videshi outfit at 19 years of age
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Young and handsome Gandhi
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi with his wife Kasturba after returning from South Africa
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi with his collegues in South Africa
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Gandhi with his friends in South Africa
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi and his wife Kasturba
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi preaching a group of people
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi interacting with his followers sitting in a train
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi in Downing Street, England
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi in Downing Street, London, UK
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi giving speach to his followers
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi on Salt March
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi on Dandi March
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji lifting the salt
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi with a facial expression of peace
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi with his supporters in the train
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji with two women Manu and Abha
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji on a walk with Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

The two women Manu and Abha as his walking sticks
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi-Nehru on a happy mood
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji and Nehruji on serious discussions for attaining independence to India
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji addressing the huge gatherings pertaining to Salt Satyagraha

Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji with Jinnah in 1944
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji popularly known as Bapu with a sweet smile
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji along with his followers for Salt Satyagraha
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

A young boy leads Gandhiji for a walk
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji spinning the wheel
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Bapu reading newspaper
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi and Kasturba in their old age
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji on fast
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Bapu’s last walk for his prayer on January 30, 1948
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi – The Father of India (1869-1948)
Young Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi

29 Jul

Recently I came across a way to implement a social networking website by a group of enterpreneurs from new delhi.

The website is and you can read more about it in their website.